This research focuses on the theorisation of economic hybridity as an alternative to incorporation in market capitalism especially in remote Australia but also elsewhere where indigenous minorities are seeking to develop viable alternatives to late capitalism while living on their ancestral lands. This research builds on efforts to advocate using evidence based research for alternatives that are sustainable and work and that challenge the current hegemonic approach promulgated by the Australian state that imagines mainstream capitalist development for Indigenous peoples who live remotely, generally on indigenous titled land in difficult postcolonial circumstances. A particular aspect of this research is a focus on the Indigenous community-based organisations that play a pivotal role in promoting such hybrid possibilities and the governance and resourcing challenges that they face.