social determinants of health

Addressing Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health: A Global Review of Policy Outcome Evaluation Methods

Author/s (editor/s):

Sharon Friel, Janice Lee, Ashley Schram, Fran Baum
Emily Riley, Patrick Harris, Matt Fisher, Toby Freeman

Publication year:

2018

Publication type:

Journal article

Find this publication at:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6037500/

Epidemiological evidence on the social determinants of health inequity is well-advanced, but considerably less attention has been given to evaluating the impact of public policies addressing those social determinants. Methodological challenges to produce evidence on policy outcomes present a significant barrier to mobilising policy actions for health equities. This review aims to examine methodological approaches to policy evaluation of health equity outcomes and identify promising approaches for future research.

Punching above their weight: A network to understand broader determinants of increasing life expectancy

Author/s (editor/s):

Fran Baum, Sharon Friel
Jennie Popay, Toni Delany-Crowe, Toby Freeman, Kedar Baral
Connie Musolino, Carlos Alvarez-Dardet, Vinya Ariyaratne
Paulin Basinga, Mary Bassett, David M Bishai, Mickey Chopra
Elsa Giugliani, Hideki Hashimoto, James Macinko, Martin Mc
Huong Thanh Nguyen, Nikki Schaay, Orielle Solar
Thiagarajan Sundararaman, David Sanders

Publication year:

2018

Publication type:

Journal article

Find this publication at:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327012045_Punching_above_their_weight_A...

Life expectancy initially improves rapidly with economic development but then tails off. Yet, at any level of economic development, some countries do better, and some worse, than expected - they either punch above or below their weight. Why this is the case has been previously researched but no full explanation of the complexity of this phenomenon is available. New research network: In order to advance understanding, the newly formed Punching Above Their Weight Research Network has developed a model to frame future research. It provides for consideration of the following influences within a country: political and institutional context and history; economic and social policies; scope for democratic participation; extent of health promoting policies affecting socio-economic inequities; gender roles and power dynamics; the extent of civil society activity and disease burdens. Conclusion: Further research using this framework has considerable potential to advance effective policies to advance health and equity.

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