The Mindanao Elite Problem
The Mindanao problem is steeped in the search for identity, territory and legitimacy. The default setting and supreme aim of the modern Muslim insurgency in the southern Philippines has been to achieve an independent Islamic state, to one day resemble a resource-rich polity like nearby Brunei. This goal, however, has been notoriously elusive. So too have been recent attempts to further devolve and decentralise the sub-national region, which consistently rates as the poorest and most corrupt area in the Philippines.