criminology

The recidivism of homicide offenders in Western Australia

Prison fence

Author/s (editor/s):

Rod Broadhurst, Australian National University
Ross Maller, Australian National University
Max Maller, Curtin University of Technology
Brigitte Bouhours, University of Western Australia

Publication year:

2017

Publication type:

Journal article

Find this publication at:
View publication here on Sage website

Popular perceptions about the recidivism of homicide offenders are contradictory, varying from one extreme – that such offenders rarely commit further violent offences – to the opposite, where it is thought that they remain at a high risk of serious reoffending.

The present study draws on the records of 1088 persons arrested in Western Australia over the period 1984–2005 for domestic murders and other types of homicides (robbery and sexual murder), including attempted murder, conspiracy to murder, manslaughter (unintentional homicide) and driving causing death. Our database provides up to 22 years follow-up time (for those arrested in 1984) and accounts critically for the first and any subsequent arrests, if they occur.

Of the 1088 persons, only 3 were subsequently arrested and charged with a homicide offence event in the follow-up period. Among those arrested for a murder and subsequently released, we estimate a probability of 0.66 (accounting for censoring) of being rearrested for another offence of any type. The corresponding probabilities for those originally arrested for manslaughter or for driving causing death were equal, at 0.43. A dynamic analysis of the longitudinal data by survival analysis techniques is used to reliably estimate these probabilities. Having a prior record increased the risk of re-arrest; for example male non-Aboriginals arrested for murder with at least one prior arrest have an estimated probability of 0.72 of being rearrested for another offence of any type. Their estimated probability of being rearrested for another serious offence was 0.33.

These findings should be of interest to courts and correctional agencies in assessing risk at various stages of the administration of criminal justice.

The rise of security state and parents of missing children in China

Using data collected from online ethnography, participant observation of parents’ self-help activities to look for missing children, as well as over fifty in-depth interviews with parents, activists and law enforcement agencies, this research aims to explore the interaction between Chinese security state and the parents of missing children in China.

Hidden power: the strategic logic of organised crime

In this meet-the-author book seminar, James Cockayne, Head of the New York Office of the United Nations University, will introduce his new book Hidden Power: The Strategic Logic of Organised Crime (Hurst/OUP, 2016). Rod Broadhurst of the College of Arts and Social Sciences and Ramesh Thakur of the Crawford School of Public Policy will then play the role of discussants, sharing their views on the book.

Lessons from Gretley: Mindful leadership and the law

Author/s (editor/s):

Hopkins, Andrew

Publication year:

2007

Publication type:

Book

Find this publication at:
http://www.cch.com.au/au/onlinestore/ProductDetails.aspx?PageTitle=Lessons-from-...

Following on from the highly respected Lessons from Longford comes Lessons from Gretley, exploring the 1996 Gretley Mine disaster in NSW and its OHS implications.Lessons from Gretley describes the 2004/05 conviction and fining of two mine managers in NSW following the mine disaster at Gretley near Newcastle in 1996 and discusses whether the law was unfair to these managers. The book also examines the impact of the Gretley prosecution on the industry, using interviews with a small sample of mine managers. Hopkins then proposes the controversial view that effective OHS law must hold the top corporate leaders responsible when something goes seriously wrong, regardless of whether they were personally at fault.

Cite the publication as

Hopkins, Andrew, 2007. Lessons from Gretley: Mindful leadership and the law. 1st ed. CCH Australia Ltd.

The Cambridge handbook of Australian criminology

Author/s (editor/s):

Grabosky, Peter
Graycar, Adam

Publication year:

2002

Publication type:

Book

Find this publication at:
http://www.cambridge.org/aus/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521818452

As a unique work of reference, The Cambridge Handbook of Australian Criminology covers the broad range of contemporary and historical subjects of criminology, combining statistical and narrative analyses. The book provides the most up-to-date figures and facts, traces historical trends in Australian crime and criminal justice, and comprehensively covers the key contemporary issues in Australian criminology. Including valuable crime statistics compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, this book is the complete companion to Australian criminology, the single most important resource for Australian criminology and criminal justice.

Cite the publication as

Grabosky, Peter and Adam Graycar, 2002. The Cambridge handbook of Australian criminology. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Introduction

Author/s (editor/s):

Grabosky, Peter
Graycar, Adam

Publication year:

2002

Publication type:

Book chapter

Cite the publication as

Grabosky, Peter and Adam Graycar, 2002. ‘Introduction.’ In The Cambridge Handbook of Australian Criminology, edited by Adam Graycar and Peter Grabosky, 1-6. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Transkontinentale Migration von Strafgenefangenen: Das Beispiel Australien

Author/s (editor/s):

Braithwaite, John

Publication year:

2004

Publication type:

Book chapter

Cite the publication as

Braithwaite, John, 2004. 'Transkontinentale Migration von Strafgenefangenen: Das Beispiel Australien.' In _Soziologie der Kriminalitat_,, edited by Herausgegen Von, Dietrich Oberwittler and Susanne Karstedt, 8th ed, 413-440. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Restorative justice to reduce victimization?

Author/s (editor/s):

Strang, Heather
Sherman, Lawrence

Publication year:

2006

Publication type:

Book chapter

Find this publication at:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/n422817x5rt35j6v/

Cite the publication as

Strang, Heather and Lawrence Sherman, 2006. ‘Restorative justice to reduce victimization?,’ In Preventing Crime: what works for children, offenders, victims and places, edited by Brandon C Welsh and David Farrington, 147-160. Springer Science.

The Pennsylvania School of Criminology: Building tipping points for a discipline

Author/s (editor/s):

Sherman, Lawrence

Publication year:

2011

Publication type:

Book chapter

Cite the publication as

Sherman, Lawrence W, 2011. ‘The Pennsylvania School of Criminology: Building Tipping Points for a Discipline.” In The Origins of American Criminology: Advances in Criminology Theory, edited by Freda Adler, Francis Cullen, Cheryl Lero Jonson, 175-204. Transaction Publishers.

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