This project looks at cross-national similarities and differences in the way in which international law is understood, interpreted, applied, and approached by different actors in and from different states. Lawyers are used to employing comparative approaches when dealing with national laws and domestic legal systems because it seems obvious that these might differ in interesting ways or that some approaches might be similar based on factors such as language, colonial history, and membership in the same legal family. But lawyers do not typically employ comparative law approaches when it comes to international law because the field’s universalist assumptions and ambitions makes the search for national differences seem both less obvious and potentially threatening.
During the Cold War, it was common for lawyers to refer to Soviet and Western approaches to international law, which made sense given that there were two superpowers with rival approaches to international law. However, after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the rise of the United States as a unipolar power, it was more common to find a universalist approach that discounted differences as aberrations from the norm. However, as the world moves into an age of declining US and Western power and rising multipolarity, it seems likely that discussions of particular national or regional approaches from different great powers will again become an important feature of international law discussions. This is occurring with certain contemporary issues, such as the law of the sea and cyber security.
So far, this project has led to a 2015 symposium in the American Journal of International Law and will also result in 2017 an edited collection called Comparative International Law (OUP) and a book called Is International Law International?
Forthcoming related books
- Is international law international? (Anthea Roberts, OUP, 2017 forthcoming).
- Comparative international law (Anthea Roberts, Paul Stephan, Pierre-Hugues Verdier & Mila Versteeg eds, OUP, 2017, forthcoming)
Articles from ‘Exploring comparative international law’ special edition of The American Journal of International Law
Comparative International Law: Framing the Field (pp. 467-474) Anthea Roberts, Paul B. Stephan, Pierre-Hugues Verdier and Mila Versteeg
How to Select and Develop International Law Case Studies: Lessons from Comparative Law and Comparative Politics (pp. 475-485) Katerina Linos
Comparative International Law at the ICTY: The General Principles Experiment (pp. 486-497) Neha Jain
Comparative International Law Within, Not Against, International Law: Lessons from the International Law Commission (pp. 498-513) Mathias Forteau
International Law in National Legal Systems: An Empirical Investigation (pp. 514-533) Pierre-Hugues Verdier and Mila Versteeg
Why Do National Court Judges Refer to Human Rights Treaties? A Comparative International Law Analysis of CEDAW (pp. 534-550) Christopher McCrudden
RegNet scholar, Anthea Roberts has secured funding through the Asia-Pacific Innovation Program (APIP) to undertake an in-depth examination of legal education in a globalis