The current patchwork of policy frameworks for energy fall far short of what is needed to transition to a low carbon economy. Such a transition can only be achieved through effective energy governance, globally and nationally. This project (which is still at the preliminary stage) aims to lay bare the architecture of global energy governance, its nature and outcomes. It will provide an empirically grounded understanding of the key obstacles to more effective energy governance and identify, both globally and within Australia , how energy governance can best facilitate the transition to a low carbon economy. In particular, this project will develop design principles to support the creation of a global energy regime capable of achieving that transition and in such a way as to efficiently mitigate climate change and encourage energy innovation. Such design principles, for example, might focus on means for: developing global energy norms; pooling resources to create a global technology development fund; minimizing intellectual property constraints on use of new technology; overcoming efficiency and legitimacy constraints of international decision making bodies, and integrating China and India effectively into global energy governance.