Resources - Judicial challenges to the Security Council's use of sanctions

Case law


Kadi cases


Kadi v Council and Commission (Case T-315/01) 21 September 2005 (2006) 45 ILM 81 (Court of First Instance). (PDF 440 KB)

Kadi and Al Barakaat International Foundation v Council and Commission (Cases C-402/05 P and C-415/05 P) [2008] ECR 1-6351. (PDF 515 KB)

Kadi v Commission (Case T-85/09) 30 September 2010 Official Journal of the European Union C 317/29 (Judgment of the General Court). (PDF 353 KB)

European Commission, Council of the European Union, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. Yassin Abdullah Kad, (Cases C‑584/10 P, C‑593/10 P and C‑595/10 P) [2013] 18 July 2013 CJEU (Grand Chamber).(Available online)


Other cases


Abousfian Abdelrazik v The Minister of Foreign Affairs And The Attorney General of Canada [2009] FC 580 (Federal Court of Canada). (PDF 442 KB)

Hay v HM Treasury and Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs [2009] EWHC 1677 (Admin). (PDF 205 KB)

Her Majesty’s Treasury v Mohammed Jabar Ahmed and others [2010] UKSC 2. (PDF 379 KB)




Tzanakopoulos, Antonios, Disobeying the Security Council countermeasures against wrongful sanctions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Tzanakopoulos, Antonios, "Domestic court reactions to UN Security Council sanctions" in Reinisch (ed), Challenging acts of international organizations before national courts (Oxford: Oxford University press, 2010), pp 54-76.


Journals and articles


De Sena, Pasquale & Maria Chiara Vitucci, "The European courts and the Security Council: Between dédoublement fonctionnel and balancing of values" (2009) 20 European Journal of International Law 193-228.

Martenczuk, Bernd, "The Security Council, the International Court and judicial review: What lessons from Lockerbie?" (1999) 10 European Journal of International Law 517-547.

Michaelsen, Christopher, "Kadi and Al Barakaat v Council of the European Union and Commission of the European Communities: The incompatibility of the United Nations Security Council’s 1267 sanctions regime with European due process guarantees" (2009) 10 Melbourne Journal of International Law 329-345.

Orakhelashvili, Alexander, "The impact of peremptory norms on the interpretation and application of United Nations Security Council resolutions" (2005) 16 European Journal of International Law 59-88.

Frank, Thomas, "The Security Council and the rule of law" (2009) 103 American Society of International Law Proceedings 252.


Blog discussions


Tzanakopoulos, Antonios, "Kadi II : The 1267 sanctions regime (back) before the General Court of the EU" ( 2010) EJIL: Talk! (Available online)


Working papers


Devaney, James Gerard, "The International Court of Justice and the Security Council of the United Nations: A changing relationship" ( 2011).

Mariani, Paola, "The implementation of UN Security Council resolutions imposing economic sanctions in the EU/EC legal system: Interpillar issues and judicial review (2009) Bocconi Legal Studies Research Paper No 1354568. (Available online)

de Wet, Erika, "Human rights considerations in the enforcement of Security Council sanctions in the EU legal order" (2010). (Available online)

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