van der Heijden, Jeroen
RegNet Research Paper No. 2016/100
Sharynne Hamilton & Valerie Braithwaite, Regulatory Institutions Network, Australian National University (ANU)
Community workers play an important role in providing support services to parents and families whose children may be placed in out-of-home care by child protection authorities. This paper shows how the stigma attached to parents spreads to discredit community workers who are assisting them and results in stigma by association. Stigma by association was inferred from interviews with 19 community workers from nine different organizations. These workers reported being stereotyped as rejecting the principle of acting in the best interests of the child, treated in a discriminatory and hostile manner, robbed of status recognition, and undermined in their capacity to do their jobs. Most showed a degree of resistance and managed to maintain their commitment to parents and families. Institutional failure to take advantage of the knowledge and experience of community workers, however, undermined the capacity of the child protection authority to map out new pathways for family unification and safety for children.
RegNet Research Paper No. 2016/101
Sekti Widhartanto & Valerie Braithwaite, Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet), ANU
This paper examines the rise and fall of a special purpose High Wealth Individual (HWI) unit in the Indonesian Directorate General of Taxation (DGT), 2009-2012. Fifty-four participants and observers of the implementation process reported on the contest over the principles and mechanisms of tax reform. The new HWI unit initially brought enthusiasm and dialogue about building relationships with taxpayers and assembling integrated databases of HWI business interests. These ideas, however, conflicted with past institutional practices. Revenue targets assigned to local tax authorities by head office trumped the new unit’s priorities. Messaging within the tax authority that the unit would increase revenue collections was not shared with HWIs and their advisers. Assumed deception triggered cynicism that nothing had changed in DGT. The unit failed to perform to expectations. The research shows how local institutions and tax culture can wreak havoc on transfers of international best practice in tax policy.
RegNet Research Paper No. 2016/102
Jeroen Van der Heijden, Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet), ANU.
City governments have become increasingly active in governing the transition to low-carbon buildings and cities. They are often more ambitious than the governments of the nation states they are embedded in. They are, however, limited by their national legal and policy frameworks in realising these ambitions. In response, city governments have begun to experiment with local action networks that bring together policymakers, city bureaucrats, firms, citizens, and civil society groups. To better understand their value and limits, this article studies four such action networks from Australia and the United States. It finds that the scalability of lessons learnt from these action networks is hampered by too strong a focus on leadership by the network administrators.
All previous papers published in the RegNet Research Paper Series are available for download on the RegNet SSRN page.
RegNet Research Paper Series Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016. Regulatory Institutions Network.