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The term ‘civilization’ comes with considerable baggage, dichotomizing people, cultures, and histories as ‘civilized’—or not. While the idea of civilization has been deployed throughout history to justify all manner of interventions and sociopolitical engineering, few scholars have stopped to consider what the concept actually means. Here, Brett Bowden examines how the idea of civilization has informed our thinking about international relations over the course of ten centuries.
Bowden, Brett, 2009. The empire of civilization: The evolution of an imperial idea. Chicago:University of Chicago Press.