Trade agreements increasingly include precise and ambitious environmental provisions. Despite the encompassing nature of these provisions, studies on their drivers and consequences remain scarce. This seminar will discuss findings from a novel dataset of 290 different types of environmental provision in 730 trade agreements. These findings are of particular relevance for research on treaty design, legal innovation, linkage politics, norm diffusion, and treaty effectiveness.
Between constraint and empowerment: International investment law and good governance in developing countries
In this seminar, Josef Ostřanský will discuss selected aspects of a comparative socio-legal research project on the impacts of investment treaties and arbitration on national governance. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in four states – Argentina, Czech Republic, India and Mexico, he will present novel findings about and conceptualisations of the interaction between the international investment law regime and national governance.
In the aftermath of the 2007/08 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) the aggressive tax planning by multi-national corporations (MNCs) has been in the spotlight. “Tax transparency” is seen by the OECD, governments and tax authorities as a potential countermeasure to curb such planning. Seven years after the OECD rolled out its BEPS Project (i.e. Base-Erosion and Profit-Shifting) in 2013, of which “transparency” is one of the pillars, the question is: “Are we perhaps expecting too much from tax transparency?”
This mid-term review seminar will consider the impact of the shift to greater tax transparency on the corporate tax behaviour of MNCs operating in Australia and examine whether or not tax transparency can realistically be the panacea to get MNCs to pay their “fair share” of taxes in the jurisdictions in which they operate.
A different kind of weapon?: Rethinking force, nonviolence, and the protection of civilians in violent conflict
This mid-term review seminar provides a work-in-progress overview of Felicity Gray’s PhD research on the use of nonviolent actions for the protection of civilians in violent conflicts. Felicity will present an overview of her completed field work (with a particular focus on the South Sudan case study), initial observations and analysis from the data and map out how the analysis and writing phase will proceed.