Development in the Philippines: Ambisyon Natin 2040 & the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

Event details

Seminar

Date & time

Thursday 15 February 2018
1.15pm–2.45pm

Venue

Coombs Extension 1.04
ANU Canberra

Speaker

Desiree Joy Narvaez & Christopher Cabuay

Contacts

Rory MacNeil

Achieving Ambisyon Natin 2040

Speaker: Ms Desiree Joy Narvaez, Senior Economic Development Specialist, National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA)

Thursday 15 February 1:15-2:45pm Room 1.04, Coombs Extension Building (#8). 8 Fellows Road, ANU

In 2016, a long-term visioning exercise was conducted by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) with the aim of determining the collective long term aspirations of the Filipino people for themselves and the country. The exercise, comprising of a national survey and several focus group discussions, revealed that the Filipino people aspire to enjoy strongly bonded relationships (Matatag), a comfortable lifestyle (Maginhawa), and a secure future (Panatag). These aspirations are collectively termed Ambisyon Natin 2040.

The Ambisyon Natin 2040 has been translated into strategic developmental goals: that by 2040:

  1. The Philippines will be a prosperous, predominantly middle class society, free from poverty and hunger,

  2. Where people live long and healthy lives,

  3. Are smart and innovative, and

  4. Live in a high-trust society.

Filipinos envision their country as a prosperous middle income country by 2040, with per capita gross national income (GNI) of US$11,000.00, and zero poverty rate. In order to achieve this vision, it is estimated that per capita inome has to grow annually by 5.3%, while the Gini index needs to be reduced by 3% annually. Such a feat requires substantial development and social investment. This presentation offers some scenarios for revenue and public spending necessary to maintain a growth trajectory that will allow the Philippines to achieve Ambisyon Natin 2040, taking into account the various factors that may affect the country’s growth trajectory - namely productivity, capital formation, and labor participation.

Does the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) reduce child labor and encourage enrolment? Evidence from the 2015 Community-Based Monitoring Survey

Speaker: Christopher James R. Cabuay, Australia Awards Scholar; Economics PhD Candidate, Crawford School of Public Policy

Thursday 15 February 1:15-2:45pm Room 1.04, Coombs Extension Building (#8). 8 Fellows Road, ANU

In the past two decades, the Philippines has had the lowest enrolment and highest dropout rates in ASEAN. The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program that has served as the flagship program of the Philippine government in combating poverty and improving these educational outcomes. On top of increasing per capita total expenditures, particularly the shares of education, the 4Ps has successfully reduced the incidence of primary-school-aged children not in school, especially those that are working. It has also had a similar, however comparatively weaker impact for secondary-school-aged children since the 2010 full implementation. This is due to the original range of implementation which only included children up until the age of 14. In succeeding waves of implementation, the age eligibility has then been increased up to 18 years of age. The 4Ps has great potential for raising the human capital accumulation across regions, but requires strong political will in implementation and evaluation in order to maximize the benefits of the program.

Chris is an Australia Awards Scholar taking his PhD in Economics at the Australian National University Crawford School of Public Policy. He finished his Bachelor of Science in Applied Economics and Masters of Science in Economics at the De La Salle University School of Economics. His research specializes in economic development, particularly human resource development, education and human capital accumulation, and international migration and remittances.

Updated:  10 August 2017/Responsible Officer:  Director, RegNet/Page Contact:  Director, RegNet