The Centre for Governance of Knowledge and Development (CGKD) brought together researchers and students at RegNet and affiliates from other universities to investigate the ways in which institutions promote, influence or retard the growth of knowledge, especially in the context of development.
The work of this centre
Studying the links and relationships between knowledge, institutions and development was the special focus of researchers within the Centre. There were 12 specific projects that shaped this work.
What is development?
Development was understood broadly at CGKD. Development involves removing restrictions on the opportunities of individuals or groups to pursue their goals, as well as increasing the capacities of individuals or groups to fulfil their goals. For example, sickness, discrimination and corrupt practices restrict the opportunities of individuals.
Development may also be positively facilitated through education, credit schemes and policies of equal opportunity. Lifting restrictions and increasing the capacity of individuals and groups lie at the heart of development.
The changing rules of regulation
The institutional rules of the game that regulate areas such as health, education, trade, scientific research, biodiversity, agriculture, banking, contract, property and so on affect the life chances of individuals. In today's world, the regulatory rules of the game are affected by the process of globalization, meaning that many states follow the regulatory agendas of dominant supranational institutions such as the WTO, the IMF or dominant states such as the US or EU. How well or badly specific national institutions work is partly dependent upon the capacities of those institutions to acquire knowledge about the problems facing them and to use that knowledge to solve problems.
Getting and using knowledge
The acquisition and use of knowledge faces two contradictory global trends. First, the stock of knowledge potentially available for use has never been greater and continues to grow. Second, restrictions on the use of knowledge are also spreading (for example, through the globalisation of intellectual property norms and the use of encryption technologies).