Ray completed his thesis, Great Expectations: the Promise of International Criminal Tribunals under John Braithwaite at RegNet.
This thesis examines the expectation gap that exists between local expectations of international criminal tribunals and what such tribunals are likely to achieve. The thesis started life as an examination of the truth-telling capacities of international criminal tribunals. However, during recent fieldwork interviewees repeatedly spoke of an issue which they termed ‘expectation management’. In response to this overwhelming theme in the data, the thesis has now developed to explore in detail the problem of managing expectations of transitional justice institutions.
A comparative analysis, the study focuses on the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. In addition to interviews with judges, prosecutors, defence counsel, registry staff, outreach staff, civil society representatives and the media, the research also includes a document analysis that examines what expectations are, or are not, being generated through key publications surrounding the tribunals. It is intended that this research will develop of a normative theory of how best to communicate the role of international criminal tribunals, and to address the expectation gap that interviewees identified.
Ray graduated from Flinders University with a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Laws and Legal Practice. During his undergraduate studies Ray was the recipient of several Law School prizes, and was awarded a scholarship to live and study in Slovenia. As a result of his experience studying in the Western Balkans, his Honours thesis focused on police reform in Bosnia i Herzegovina following the Balkan Wars of the 1990s. After his admission to the Supreme Court of South Australia as a Barrister and Solicitor, he practiced as a criminal defence lawyer with the Legal Services Commission of South Australia. Ray began his PhD in 2010 in the area of peacebuilding and post-conflict/transitional justice, completing his fieldwork in the first half of 2011.
Criminology; Transitional justice; Peacebuilding; Post-conflict justice; Criminal law; International criminal law; International humanitarian law; Victimology; Penology; Police reform; Yugoslavian history; Western Balkans studies